A Heart bypass surgery is usually performed when blood vessels carrying blood to the heart are blocked. If the patient is suffering from cardiovascular disease or high cholesterol the vessels become blocked. Generally an open heart surgery is performed in two ways. These are off-pump surgery and on-pump surgery.
As all surgeries involve certain risks, heart surgeries also need to be managed by taking after-care precautions. Patients are asked to be extra cautious if they want to improve their recovery quicker.
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Some precautionary measures are as follows:
- Heart surgery patients should be very careful about their physical activity. They are not allowed to do many physical activities that might increase the heart rate.
- The dressing and cleaning of the open wound with antiseptic should be done regularly until it heals and dries.
- Patients are advised to be on a healthy diet plan as suggested by their dietician. Diet plays a major role in the patient’s lifestyle.
- Proper rest and sleep are basic. Sleeping plays a key role in recovery.
- Stick to your medication and take it on time.
- After heart surgery the patient is put on a strict regimen of blood-thinning medication such as WARFARIN. They are asked to regularly monitor their PT/INR ratio which can easily be done through PT/INR meters at home.
- Low consumption of salt and water.
- No stress. It is advised to avoid any stress or mental pressure which might lead to an increase in blood pressure. This can be harmful.
- Regular follow up with their doctors are core requirements.
- Alcohol and Smoking are strictly forbidden.
All the above-stated precautions will lower your risk of infection and all the instructions provided by the doctors must be followed.