UNDERSTANDING HEART BYPASS SURGERY
Heart bypass surgery is also known as Coronary Artery Bypass Graft [CABG]. This surgery is performed to enhance the flow of blood in the human heart. During the operation the surgeon takes blood vessels from another part of the body to bypass the injured arteries.
Coronary arteries perform the function of supplying oxygen rich-blood to the entire heart muscle. If these arteries are blocked or obstructed they fail to supply blood to the heart which in turn reduces the efficiency of the heart. In more serious cases, it may lead to heart failure.
WHY A HEART BYPASS SURGERY?
When a person is suffering from coronary artery disease, it becomes important to perform bypass surgery to treat the symptoms.
One may need bypass surgery in the following cases;
● Cardiomegaly or an enlarged heart
● Heart stroke
● Severe chest pain
● Atrial fibrillation
● Inappropriate heart rhythm
● Any valvular disease
● Any blockage in the arteries which may affect the flow of blood
TYPES OF HEART BYPASS SURGERY
There are four main types of surgery; single, double, triple, and quadruple bypass which depend upon the number of arteries blocked and the complexity of the surgery.
LIFESTYLE AND MEDICATION
Post-surgery the patient should live a healthy lifestyle. They are advised to follow a healthy diet plan and perform all daily routine tests their health care provider advises. They may be given other medications such as blood thinners to stop the formation of dangerous blood clots in the heart. The doctors ask them to regularly monitor their PT/INR level so that the dosages of drugs such as WARFARIN can be managed. Now patients can easily monitor their PT/INR level through a PT/INR monitor at home with immediate results.