When we are injured and experience a cut or bruising, we bleed. Our body reacts normally and tends to stop the bleeding. The blood platelets and clotting factors begin working together and result in the formation of a clot. The clot dissolves or degenerates naturally after bleeding stops.
But in Thrombophilia, blood forms a clot even if you are not injured. It occurs when your body forms excessive clotting protein. This condition is known as hyper coagulability. In other cases the body fails to form a clotting protein which is also dangerous. The blood coagulation process should be in a balanced state. These blood clots are so dangerous that they damage blood vessels by blocking the path of blood flow and shut off the oxygen supply to relevant tissues. This may directly lead to a stroke and in the most serious cases, death. Thrombophilia escalates the risk of:
· PULMONARY EMBOLISM
· DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
You can also go through:
Swelling or pain in arms and legs.
Nausea, pain in the chest
Discomfort in breathing, cough, and pain in the upper body
Vision problems, high fever, headache
KINDS OF THROMBOPHILIA
HEREDITARY THROMBOPHILIA: Also called inherited thrombophilia which means you are born with it.
ACQUIRED THROMBOPHILIA: Usually occurs when our internal organs such as the liver or kidney fail to formulate or clear away clotting proteins. During pregnancy, there is an increased risk of thrombophilia as the body undergoes various physiological changes. The most common acquired thrombophilia is Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome.
TREATMENT FOR THROMBOPHILIA
Most doctors say there is no particular treatment for thrombophilia until and unless you develop a blood clot. Patients who are at high risk of developing blood clots are kept on blood-thinning medication such as WARFARIN [COUMADIN]. If one is suffering from an Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome form of thrombophilia they require lifelong blood thinners or anticoagulants. The doses of WARFARIN are managed on the results of the PT/INR test. They are advised to regularly monitor their PT/INR level which can easily be done by a PATIENT SELF TESTING MONITOR at home.